Common Name: Bloodroot
- Habit: Perennial Herb
- Light: Shade (< 2 hrs. direct sun), Part Shade (2-5 hrs. direct sun)
- Water Needs: Moist
- Height: <1′
- Flower: White, Mar, Apr
- Fruit: Tubular green seed pod full of dark brown seeds with a white fleshy covering called an eliasome.
- Fall Color: No
- Natural Habitat: Bottomland Deciduous Forest, Upland Deciduous Forest
Sanguinaria canadensis or Bloodroot is a low-growing perennial with a single multi-lobed blue green leaf that emerges wrapped around a single flower in the spring. The flower is daisy-like with many large white petals and a golden yellow center. The flower is followed by a tubular green seed pod full of seeds with a fleshy covering. The seeds are dispersed by ants, who take them back to their nests, consume the fleshy coating and deposit the seed into their refuse piles where the seeds then germinate. This plant will form a large colony over time. The striking foliage often lasts through the summer months.
Part Shade (2-5 hrs. direct sun), Shade (< 2 hrs. direct sun)